A beginner’s guide to fitness

Fitness is not something that people after instant gratification achieve easily.

Being fit and healthy requires dedication and commitment. Adopting a lifestyle that is characterised by such qualities does not yield results overnight.

For example, you can’t have a junk-food-free one day and expect to look like a supermodel the next day.

In order to have a body that is worthy of gracing the pages of fashion magazines, you need to consistently adopt a lifestyle in which you exercise regularly and eat in a clean and healthy manner.


If you do this on a regular basis, you’ll get the body that you’ve always wanted and that a supermodel will be proud of.

At this point, you’re probably thinking something along the lines of the following: “OK: I see the goals however, what are the specific steps for me to get there?” Don’t stress! We’ve got you covered. In this article, we’ll outline what a beginner needs to know about fitness and how to achieve this ultimate goal.

What is ‘fitness’?

‘Fitness’ describes the state of being fit.

Ok… so what does ‘being fit’ mean?

‘Being fit’ means that you’re able to ‘do something’. This ‘something’ is the ability to – for example – take part in a running marathon, being able to swim a race at the Olympics or take part in a cycling race. Interestingly, what you’ll find is that a person who is comfortable with running the 100-km marathon will probably shy away from swimming in the Olympics.

The reason?

Because the state of being fit is different depending on the person that you speak to. For example, the person who is an avid runner and is comfortable with taking part in long-distance marathons may probably not be comfortable with taking part in the Olympic swimming race. Probably, he’ll flak out after the first 100 m and will need to be hauled out of the pool.

Why is this?

The reason is that there are several different types of fitness that people from all walks of life are adept at. Some are more fit in one aspect while others are fitter in other aspects.

What are the different types of fitness?

There are four types of fitness. These are described as:

  • Cardiovascular
  • Strength and endurance
  • Flexibility
  • Anaerobic.

This means that a beginner who is about to – or is already in the process – of embarking on their fitness journey must realise that they need to develop skills in each of these four areas of fitness in order for them to consider themselves as being truly physically fit.

How do I develop cardiovascular fitness?

Probably one of the easiest forms of fitness to develop is cardiovascular fitness. If a person is said to be fit in a cardiovascular manner, their lungs and heart transport oxygen in the blood to the various tissues that need this substance in an efficient manner.

The more cardiovascularly fit a person is, the more likely it will be that the person is able to perform certain exercises – such as running on the treadmill – for longer periods of time. Thus, to develop cardiovascular fitness, you need to take part in activities which get your heart rate up. These include running, swimming as well as cycling.

How do I develop strength and endurance?

To develop strength and endurance, you need to perform weight-bearing exercises. These types of exercises don’t just consist of lifting free weights or using weight machines. Weight-bearing exercises also include exercise modalities such as Pilates that uses your body weight as the resistance that you work on during the class.

How do I develop flexibility?

Being flexible is about increasing your joints’ range of motion in various exercises. The benefit of an extended range of motion is that – in later life – you’ll be less susceptible to age-related diseases of the bones, joints and ligaments.

Yoga is a great way to increase the flexibility of your body as it adopts various positions (which are often challenging) that practitioners must hold for a certain period of time.

How do I develop anaerobic fitness?

The benefits of being anaerobically fit are that you use the energy that you have in short bursts. This allows you to become more productive in your energy use over a period of excruciating exertion. During sprints, marathon runners make use of their anaerobic fitness abilities to fuel that body’s functioning.

There is no short-cut to beginner’s fitness. Yes, there are a number of guidelines that you need to follow in terms of Internet marketing best-speak. You need to choose a path that is right for your business.